World Bank suggests to decrease birth rate in Tajikistan
Experts of the World Bank believe that the main reason of poverty, unemployment, and high rate of labor migration in Tajikistan is high rate of birth. Tajikistan’s Ministry of Healthcare admitted existence of such a problem, and in order to solve it, they suggest Tajik women more accurate birth planning, efficient use of birth control means, and increase interval between pregnancies. “The period between births should be prolonged to three years in order that a woman organism would be ready for birth of the next child. Unfortunately, about 6-7% of our women give birth every year”, Sherali Rahmatulloyev, head of the department of providing medical services to mothers and children under the Ministry of Healthcare, stated. Andrey Karataev, Head of the Scientific Academic Laboratory (SAL) for risk monitoring of social political destabilization, Higher School of Economics, believes that Tajikistan has the highest rate of demographic increase among the post-Soviet states, and therefore, Tajikistan needs measures for decreasing birth rate. Karataev suggests to prohibit men and women from marrying before the age of 21. “We need to support them, and even, maybe to help the Tajik authorities”, Karataev says. Doctor of Economics Anatoly Vishnevskiy, Director of the Institute of Demography, Higher School of Economics, considers that “the policy of the Tajik government should be aimed and restriction of birth”. According to expert opinion, average city family in Tajikistan has three children. The highest birth rates are currently observed in villages, and namely here parents cannot create conditions for children for qualitative education. Scientists and experts fear that “in the nearest future there will be scores of undereducated young people in the labor market, and that will cause increase of social problems in Tajikistan”. According to experts, the high birth rate in Tajikistan is due to the fact that the population of the country is young – 70% of the country’s population are under age of 35. Today, Tajikistan’s population amounts to 9.1 million people and it increases to one million every five years.